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隆德概况(二)  

2010-05-30 10:41:26|  分类: 隆德 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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自然资源
  隆德县境内石灰石、石英砂、石膏等建材资源丰富,六盘山自然保护区的动植物资源在黄土高原独具风姿。以耐旱抗寒、繁殖快、根蘖强而闻名的沙棘,为六盘山区特产。其木质坚实,入土不朽,水淫不腐,纹理美观,是制作工艺晶和高档家具的良木佳材。
  棘果含有丰富维生素和多种有机酸及糖类。山地野生蕨莱在历史上被列为贡品。六盘山突齿蟾为中国特有珍稀动物品目之一。昆虫中,金斑蝠蛾和褐纹十二羽蛾均属六盘山特产。县产中药材694种,其中常用中药材占全国统一调查的360种常用中药材的33%。适宜六盘山区大面积种植的“三豆”(即豌豆、蚕豆、土豆)、胡麻等农作物和经济作物,已改变传统种植模式,初步形成规模型生产格局,以其地域资源优势,支撑着地方经济。
Natural resources
  Longde within the limestone, quartz sand, gypsum and other building materials rich in natural resources, flora and fauna nature reserves Liupanshan unique posture in the Loess Plateau. To drought cold, breeding fast, strong root sucker Seabuckthorn known for Liupanshan area specialty. The solid wood, be buried forever, the water does not rot obscene, texture, appearance, is the production of grain and high technology good wood good wood furniture.
  Spine vitamin-rich fruit and a variety of organic acids and sugars. Levin wild mountain fern is listed as a tribute in history. Liupanshan sudden tooth laevis as one of the items rare animals unique to China. Insects, gold and brown spotted bat moth plume moths are Liupanshan pattern 12 specialties. County produced 694 kinds of Chinese herbal medicines, which account for a unified national survey of Chinese herbal medicines commonly used in the 360 commonly used Chinese herbal medicines 33%. Liupanshan area suitable for large-scale cultivation of the "three beans" (ie peas, beans, potatoes), flax and other crops and cash crops, has changed the traditional cropping pattern, shape and scale of production structure, with its geographical advantages in resources, support of local economy.

地理位置
  隆德县位于六盘山西麓、宁南边陲。东望关陕,西眺河洮,南走秦州,北通宁朔;襟带秦凉,拥卫西辅。“312”国道纵贯东西, 隆(德)秦(安)省道和隆(德)张(易)县道分别穿越南北。县境西北毗连静宁、西吉,东南直接泾源、庄浪,东北周边与固原接界。关山险阻,水道西行,历来为兵家必争之地,故有“关陇锁钥”之誉。跨北纬35度21分至35度47分、东经105度48分至106度15分。县城东距六盘山10公里,北距银川410 公里,西去兰州380公里,东去西安340公里,距固原县城66公里、西吉县城53公里、泾源县城24公里、静宁县城37公里、庄浪县城47公里。清凉河在城南,清流河在城北,二水在城西三里店交汇。城东堡子山(东山堡),北为象山,西是凤山。全县辖3镇10乡,127个行政村。全县东西与南北之距相当,南北长47公里,东西宽41公里,总面积985平方公里,县境土地总面积148.8万亩,耕地面积62.4万亩,人均3.16亩。海拔在1720-2942米之间,县城所在位置海拔2100米,地势东高西低。
Geographic location
  Long De County is located in the Liu Pan Shan west mountain foot , Ning south frontier. East hope that turn off Shaanxi , the west look into a river at a distance washing one's face , visit Qin Zhou in the south, the north exchanges the Ning new moon; Simultaneous Qin lets the garment front cool , possess the Wei west subsidiary. "312" national roads pass through thing from north to south , the profound (morals) Qin (find a place for) provincial road and the profound (morals) Zhang (easy) county cut through the north and south respectively. County boundary is adjacent to Jing Ning county , Xi Ji county in the northwest, direct southeast Jinghe River source , Zhuang Lang county, northeast China periphery and Gu Yuan City abutment. Guan Shan is dangerous and difficult , the water channel west goes, always for strategic point, therefore having reputation of "closing the Gansu key ". Cross latitude 35 degrees to 35 degrees 21 minutes 47 minutes 48 minutes east longitude 105 degrees to 106 degrees and 15 minutes. Liupanshan east county, 10 kilometers south of Yinchuan 410 km, 380 km west to Lanzhou, 340 kilometers east to Xi'an, 66 kilometers away from the Guyuan county, 53 km Xiji county, Jingyuan County town 24 km, 37 km Jingning County , Zhuanglang County, 47 km. Cool River in the south of the city, clean river in the north of the city, was being called in the west intersection of Three Mile shops. East shangpuzi Hill (Fort Higashiyama), North to Elephant and West is Fengshan. The county town of 10, 3 townships, 127 administrative villages. East and West and North and South from the county equal to 47 km long north-south, 41 kilometers east to west, with a total area of 985 square kilometers, canton total land area of 148.8 mu of cultivated land area of 62.4 mu, 3.16 mu per capita. Elevation of 1720-2942 meters, 2100 meters above sea level town location, low-lying east to the west.

地形地貌
  地貌类型分为黄土丘陵沟壑区(占55.70%)、阴湿土石山区(占33.26%)、河谷川道区(占11.04%)。除六盘山外,散处于全县较为有名的山脉是凤太山、牧丹山、峰台梁、清凉山、北象山、蟠龙山等。六盘山又称陇山,其主体由西北到东南的平行狭长山脉组成,全长204公里,宽30-60公里,总面积4781平方公里,南连崆峒,直抵渭水,与终南山相对峙;北接崛吴山与长城并亘,为陇东高原和陇中高原天然界线,也是陕北黄土高原与陇西黄土高原的分界线。早在西汉时期,即是“丝绸之路”东段中路西接兰州的一大要隘。唐时所设“七关之险”,六盘为最。六盘山亦是泾河与渭河的分水岭。县境内主要河流有渝河、葫芦河、庄浪河、好水河等七大河流。气候属中温带季风区半湿润向半干旱过渡性气候,春低温少雨,夏短暂多雹,秋阴涝霜旱,冬严寒绵长,素有“溽暑有风还透骨,芳春积雪不开花”之说。年平均气温5.1度,为全区最低气温,1月份最低,极值为-25.7度;7月份最高,极值为31.4度。 年平均日照时数2228小时,无霜期124天,最少94天。 年均降水量745.4毫米,多集中在夏秋两季,尤以7、8 两个月为降水集中季节。1995年以来,由于连年持续干旱,降水量大大下降。灾害性天气主要有大风、干旱、冰雹、霜冻等。
 Topography
  Landscape types are divided into loess hilly region (accounting for 55.70%), wet mountainous area (accounting for 33.26%), Valley River Road area (11.04%). In addition Liupanshan, the bulk in the county is more well-known Feng Tai Shan mountain range, grazing Niyama, peak-beam, Qingliang, North Xiangshan, Broom Hill. Liupanshan also known as Long Hill, the main northwest to southeast parallel to the narrow mountain ranges, length 204 km, 30-60 km wide, with a total area of 4781 square kilometers, south Kongtong, leading to Wei, in confrontation with Zhongnanshan; the north and the Great Wall and the rise of interactive Wushan, Gansu Plateau and Gansu for the natural boundary of the plateau is Longxi Loess Plateau and the Loess Plateau, the dividing line. Early Western Han Dynasty, that is "Silk Road" west of Lanzhou East Road, a major strategic pass. Established by the Tang Dynasty "seven off the risks", 6 the most. Liupanshan Jing River and the Weihe River is the watershed. Yu county main rivers are rivers, Hulu River, Zhuanglanghe good river with seven rivers. Climate is temperate monsoon zone in the semi-arid sub-humid transitional climate, low temperature drier spring and summer more than a brief hail, overcast autumn frost drought floods, winter cold lingering, known as "the wind has Penetrating Bone Ru Shu, Fang does not bloom in spring snow" The said. The average annual temperature of 5.1 degrees, the minimum temperature for the region, in January the lowest extreme value to -25.7 degrees; July maximum, 31.4 degrees Extreme. Average sunshine hours 2228 hours, frost-free period 124 days, at least 94 days. Average annual precipitation is 745.4 mm, mostly concentrated in summer and autumn, especially in 7-8 months to focus on seasonal rainfall. Since 1995, due to persistent drought in successive years, precipitation has been significantly decreased. There are strong winds severe weather, drought, hail, frost, etc..

生态气候
  隆德县地处黄土高原西部,系祁连山地槽与华北地台的过渡带。境内群山绵亘,峰峦叠嶂,沟壑纵横,山势错落。地势东高西低,由六盘山朝南、北、西三向分野。
  凤山峄脉据其中,渝河、好水河、甘渭河均倚山西注。丘陵、山地广布,塬台梁峁交织。海拔1720米至2942米,丘陵地占总面积的63.8%。境内气候属中温带大陆性半湿润向半干旱过渡区。春低温少雨。夏短暂多雹,秋阴涝霜旱,冬严寒绵长。素有“溽暑有风还透骨,芳春积雪不开花”之说。年平均气温5.1℃,年平均无霜期124天,最少94天。年平均降水量745.4毫米,自西北向东南递增。河谷川道农牧区属湿润干旱过渡地带,气候温暖干燥,黄土丘陵农林区半干燥温热,六盘山西麓水源涵养林区寒湿多雨,植被丰厚。
Eco-climatic
  Longde County is located in the western Loess Plateau, Department of Qilian geosyncline and the transition zone of North China platform. Stretching the territory of mountains, peaks and ridges of mountains, ravines horizon, the mountains scattered. Low-lying east to the west by the Liupanshan south, north, and west to the dividing line.
  Fengshan yi pulse according to which, Chongqing river, a good river, are willing to rely Shanxi Weihe Note. Hilly, mountainous widespread, hilly plateau Beam of intertwined. From 1720 to 2942 meters above sea level, hills of the total area of 63.8%. Territory in the temperate continental climate is semi-humid to semi-arid transition zone. Cold dry spring. Summer short hail, overcast autumn frost drought floods, winter cold lingering. Known as "the wind has Penetrating Bone Ru Shu, Fang does not bloom in spring snow," said. The annual average temperature 5.1 ℃, annual average frost-free period 124 days, at least 94 days. Average annual rainfall of 745.4 mm, increasing from northwest to southeast. Valley River Road, pastoral transition zone is characterized by humid, warm and dry, semi-arid loess hilly area warm forestry, water conservation Liupanshan Xilu rain forest and alpine vegetation abundant.

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